Cruciniacum was the name of the Celtic settlement established in the 5th century BC. Testimony to the Roman way of life, which lasted about 4 centuries, can be found in the Römerhalle (Roman Hall) museum and in the ruins of the Römervilla (Roman villa). Wine-growing was introduced during the first three centuries AD and still shapes the countryside around Bad Kreuznach.
The parts of town, which still exist today, were settled on both sides of the Nahe River during the Middle Ages. Since 1300 a stone pillar bridge has connected both parts of town: the Altstadt (Old Town) and Neustadt (New Town) below the castle. During the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1649), the town was conquered repeatedly and lost two thirds of its population. Under Napoleon Bad Kreuznach belonged to France. The 19th century brought the development of the therapeutic salt spring spas. Thanks to travelers from England wanting to improve their health in the Rhine Valley, Bad Kreuznach became a famous European spa town.
Of course, the results of both world wars left their mark in the 20th century. After 1945 the town grew to the important regional center.
Especially vibrant is the healthcare sector, with two fully equipped hospitals, five rehabilitation centers and numerous health care providers, making it the largest employment sector. The manufacturing sector is also a driving economic structure of the city with offers 28,000 jobs. Bad Kreuznach is home to many worldclass companies, such as Schneider Optics, producing the highest quality optics on the market for over 90 years.
Exceptionally robust is the retail sector. Here unfolds Bad Kreuznach is able to show its flair, offering a shopping experience in the quiet of a pedestrian-only zone, making it an attractive regional center.