Guarulhos is 458 years old. It is the most populous city of Brazil aside from state capitals, with nearly 1.34 million inhabitants, and the 12th economy in GDP terms in the country, even considering state capitals. With an area of 318 km2, it places the city at a demographic density of 3.834,51 inhabitants/km2.
Guarulhos` GDP reached 53.9 billion BRL in 2016 (approximately 14.3 US$), allowing the city to stay as the 4th biggest economy in the state of São Paulo and 12th nationwide.
Guarulhos is also a logistics hub for the MRSP, combining access to the main highways to the presence of the biggest international airport of South America and relative proximity (100km) to the main international cargo port of Brazil, the Port of Santos. Combined, these traits make Guarulhos a strategic spot for businesses that have critical logistic needs, such as e-commerce distribution, pharmaceutical companies and other activities that use air transportation often to both get their supplies and distribute products.
The International Airport of São Paulo / Guarulhos – Governor André Franco Montoro, inaugurated in January 1985, is the airport with the greatest passenger flow in Brazil, with nearly 40 million passengers per year. It covers an area of 7.8 km2 in the district of Cumbica and is located 25 km from the center of the city of São Paulo.
The Airport has a strategic location due to its proximity to major metropolitan and economic hubs. It handles approximately 64.5% if all international passengers of Brazil and 41% of the market of cargo and export countrywide, which makes it a Global Hub.
It is the main entrance of passengers and cargo in South America, with an average of 100 thousand passenger and 830 landings and takeoffs per day. It is an airport complex that includes three passenger terminals (T1, T2, T3) and a cargo terminal (TECA).
Guarulhos has 14 universities, with approximately 50.000 students.
Guarulhos was founded as a village in December 8th, 1560. Originally a satellite to São Paulo, it has a history linked to that of the development of the State capital and of the State itself. Starting with an agriculture and mining based economy, the city went through a relevant industrial phase and is now shifting to a services economy after the international airport was built.
The city has a diverse geography, with environmental protection areas to the north (Serra da Cantareira), with hills and valleys heading south until they reach the Tietê River. Approximately 30% of its 318km2 territory is occupied by environmentally protected areas.
The city of Guarulhos is today the main logistical hub of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, being crossed by 4 major highways (Presidente Dutra Highway, Fernão Dias Highway, Ayrton Senna Highway and Mario Covas Beltway), located only 100km away from the Port of Santos, and housing the International Airport Governador André Franco Montoro, the main airport of South America and of Brazil.